2.1 POVERTY Edit

Poverty The state of being extremely poor Pobreza
Fair trade Trade between companies in developed countries and producers in developing countries in which fair prices are paid to the producers Comercio justo
Microcredit The lending of small amounts of money at low interest to new businesses in the developing world Microcrédito
Nutrition The process of providing or obtaining the food necessary for health and growth Nutrición
Exploit The action or fact of treating someone unfairly in order to benefit from their work Explotación
Loan A thing that is borrowed, especially a sum of money that is expected to be paid back withinterest Préstamo
Aid Financial or material help given to a country or area in need Ayuda
Developing become more economically and socially advanced Desarrollo
Poverty Alleviation The action or process of making poverty less severe Mitigación de la pobreza
Sustainable Conserving an ecological balance by avoiding depletion of natural resources Sostenible
Marginalised Treat (a person, group, or concept) as insignificant or peripheral Marginado
Capital The city or town that functions as the seat of government and administrative centre of a country or region Capital
Wages The part of total production that is the return to labour as earned income as distinct from the remuneration received by capital as unearned income Salario
Corruption Dishonest or fraudulent conduct by those in power Corrupción
Plague Any contagious disease that spreads rapidly and kills many people Plaga
Policy A course or principle of action adopted or proposed by an organization or individual Política
Equality The state of being equal, especially in status, rights, or opportunities Igualdad
Human Rights Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible. Derechos Humanos
GDP The total value of goods produced and services provided in a country during one year PIB


Greenhouse effect An atmospheric heating phenomenon, caused by short-wave solar radiation being readily transmitted inward through the earth's atmosphere but longer-wavelength heat radiation less readily transmitted outward, owing to its absorption by atmospheric carbon dioxide, water vapor, methane, and other gases; thus, the rising level of carbon dioxide is viewed with concern. Efecto invernadero
Carbon dioxide A colorless, odorless, incombustible gas, CO 2, present in the atmosphere and formed during respiration, usually obtained from coal, coke, or natural gas by combustion, from carbohydrates by fermentation, by reaction of acid with limestone or other carbonates, or naturally from springs: used extensively in industry as dry ice, or carbon dioxide snow, in carbonated beverages, fire extinguishers, etc. Dióxido de carbono
Carbon footprint The amount of carbon dioxide or other carbon compounds emitted into the atmosphere by the activities of an individual, company, country, etc.: the carbon footprint of an overseas flight; Huella de carbono
Ice caps A thick cover of ice over an area, sloping in all directions from the center. Casquetes de hielo
Sceptical Not convinced that something is true; doubtful Escéptico
Pollution The act or process of polluting or the state of being polluted, especially the contamination of soil, water, or the atmosphere by the discharge of harmful substances. Polución
Fuel efficient Fuel efficiency is a form of thermal efficiency, meaning the efficiency of a process that converts chemical potential energy contained in a carrier fuel into kinetic energy or work. Overall fuel efficiency may vary per device, which in turn may vary per application fuel efficiency, especially fossil fuel power plants or industries dealing with combustion, such as ammonia production during the Haber process. Bajo consumo de combustible
Renewable energy Renewable energy is energy that comes from resources which are continually replenished such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves and geothermal heat. About 16% of global final energy consumption comes from renewable resources, with 10% of all energy from traditional biomass, mainly used for heating, and 3.4% from hydroelectricity. New renewables (small hydro, modern biomass, wind, solar, geothermal, and biofuels) accounted for another 3% and are growing very rapidly. Energía renovable
Flooding (Physical Geography) the submerging of land under water, esp due to heavy rain, a lake or river overflowing, etc Inundación

2.3 SPEECHES: The faculty or act of speaking. Edit

Town hall A building used for carrying on the town's business. Ayuntamiento
Assessment The amount of money that a piece of property or some item is judged to be worth. “Evaluación”
Bottom line The last line of a financial statement, used for showing net profit or loss. Línea de fondo
Manufacturing To make or produce by hand or machinery, on a large scale Fabricar a mano
Dissipate To spend wastefully; misspend Disipar
Atmosphere The gases surrounding the earth; the air. Atmósfera
Fahrenheit Relating to or measured according to a temperature scale Grado Fahrenheit
Reefs A ridge or bank of rocks or sand, often of coral debris, at or near the surface of the water. Arrecife
Glaciers An extended mass of ice formed from snow falling and gathering over the years and moving very slowly downward or outward. Glaciar
Snowfall A fall of snow. Nevada
Shrink To (cause to) become reduced in extent, amount, or value. Encogimiento


A violent tropical storm, esp. of the W North Atlantic, having wind speeds of or greater than 74 mph Huracán
Floods A great flowing or overflowing of water, esp. over land not usually submerged. Inundación
Bills A statement of the money owed for goods or services. Billetes
Ethos Refers to the credibility of the speaker.
Logos Is an appeal to the audience’s logic.
Pathos Refers to an appeal to the emotions.